Events in the context of the conversion project


Novem­ber 2015

A New Place of Remembrance to be Established at the Original Site of the Tragedy

A way is being paved for the crea­ti­on of a new place of remem­bran­ce at the Old Tower: At a sym­po­si­um orga­ni­zed by the admi­nis­tra­ti­ve district office, rese­ar­chers and rep­re­sen­ta­ti­ves from poli­tics and socie­ty dis­cus­sed the plans to erect a memo­ri­al for the vic­tims of the Munich Mas­sa­cre of 1972 at the air base site. It beca­me appa­rent that the site was not only to beco­me a place of remem­bran­ce but also one of mee­ting and lear­ning.

The almost 200 par­ti­ci­pants were wel­co­med to the offi­cers’ quar­ters with a pro­jec­tion sho­wing two burned‐out heli­cop­ters as view­ed from the Old Tower. In a fai­led res­cue attempt, nine ath­le­tes from Isra­el and a Ger­man poli­ce offi­cer were kil­led at the air­field. On 5th Sep­tem­ber 1972, the ath­le­tes had been taken hos­ta­ge by Pales­ti­ni­an ter­ro­rists in the Olym­pic Vil­la­ge.

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Sin­ce 1997, the district of Fürs­ten­feld­bruck has orga­ni­zed memo­ri­al ser­vices at the gates of the air base. Clo­sing the air base by 2019, howe­ver, offers the chan­ce to erect a memo­ri­al at the very loca­ti­on of the tra­ge­dy. What it could look like was the topic of the mee­ting held on 25th Sep­tem­ber. Tho­mas Kar­ma­sin, head of district, brought to mind the cen­tral memo­ri­al ser­vice to com­me­mo­ra­te the 40th anni­ver­s­a­ry of the mas­sa­cre when rela­ti­ves from Isra­el visi­ted the ori­gi­nal site of the tra­ge­dy for the first time. At that time, Minister‐President, Horst See­ho­fer, assu­red that the Free Sta­te of Bava­ria would sup­port the estab­lish­ment of a worthy place of remem­bran­ce.

Char­lot­te Kno­bloch, Pre­si­dent of the Jewish Com­mu­ni­ty of Munich and Upper Bava­ria, empha­si­zed that the more time that pas­sed, the more important it beca­me to remem­ber. She sta­ted how it was a cen­tral task to exp­lain to young peop­le that the­re was a con­nec­tion bet­ween their lives and the past and that young peop­le should be invol­ved as ear­ly as in the plan­ning sta­ge. “They are the future.” In addi­ti­on, it was vital for her to put the events into a con­text. Dan Sha­ham, Con­su­la­te Gene­ral of the Sta­te of Isra­el in Sou­thern Ger­ma­ny, expres­sed his desi­re for a place of mee­ting and reflec­tion pro­mo­ting tole­ran­ce and co‐existence, a place for lear­ning and tea­ching.

Bava­ri­an Minis­ter of Sci­ence Lud­wig Spa­en­le, poin­ted out that at a memo­ri­al ser­vice in Tel Aviv he felt the deep scars the dread­ful event has left and that he was to make an effort to get that pro­ject off the ground. His­to­ri­an Ange­li­ka Schuster‐Fox, who is super­vi­sing the pro­ject on the site, empha­si­zed that the district was in no posi­ti­on to bear the enor­mous costs invol­ved in the estab­lish­ment of such a site. In addi­ti­on, she said that the Bun­des­wehr (Ger­man Armed Forces) would also clo­se the Old Tower and the run­way as ear­ly as by the end of the year making plan­ning an increa­singly urgent mat­ter.

Fer­di­nand Kra­mer of the Insti­tu­te for Bava­ri­an Histo­ry of the Ludwig‐Maximilian‐University Munich brought up the sub­ject of pos­si­ble exhi­bi­ti­on con­tents. He sug­gested pre­sen­ting topics such as key figu­res and vic­tims, sports in tran­si­ti­on, the inter­na­tio­nal posi­ti­on of the Federal Repu­blic of Ger­ma­ny or the Midd­le East con­flict. He is of the opi­ni­on that it should also be dis­cus­sed how to deal with the per­pe­tra­tors. Based on a num­ber of examp­les, Sonja‐Maria Herzl‐Förster and Marie‐Luise Krei­lin­ger of Doku­men­ta­ti­on Ober­salz­berg (Docu­men­ta­ti­on Ober­salz­berg) pre­sen­ted the museum’s edu­ca­tio­nal work and edu­ca­tio­nal pro­gram. Accord­ing to them, that was the only way to appeal to a broad audi­ence while kee­ping ali­ve such a memo­ri­al site.

Bir­git­ta Kle­menz, his­to­ri­an and cul­tu­ral advi­ser of Fürs­ten­feld­bruck, sup­por­ted a clear sepa­ra­ti­on of the docu­men­ta­ti­on cen­ter and the memo­ri­al site. She sug­gested the­re could be a pre­sen­ta­ti­on of the events in the Old Tower, whe­re­as the run­way should beco­me a place to com­me­mo­ra­te the vic­tims with digni­ty.

Mar­tin Kornacher, head of the muni­ci­pal plan­ning and buil­ding con­trol office, poin­ted out urban deve­lop­ment and monu­ment con­ser­va­ti­on aspec­ts from a Fürs­ten­feld­bruck town admi­nis­tra­ti­on point of view. He exp­lai­ned that a new part of town was going to be crea­ted at the air base site after the com­ple­te with­dra­wal of the Bun­des­wehr and that the Tower and the run­way were going to be loca­ted wit­hin a resi­den­ti­al and busi­ness area. Accord­ing to Mr. Kornacher, the memo­ri­al site should be inte­gra­ted wit­hout being per­cei­ved as an obst­ruc­tion. For him it is important that an area of about 20,000 squa­re meters around the Old Tower should be kept unde­ve­lo­ped for estab­li­shing the memo­ri­al site. Accord­ing to the expert, this is the lar­gest con­nec­ted open space in the district. It is vital to link the area to the road net­work. In order to avo­id the area being used pri­va­te­ly, the muni­ci­pa­li­ty could ima­gi­ne desi­gna­ting it as a “spe­cial memo­ri­al site area”. He sug­gested that initia­ting a com­pe­ti­ti­on which was also open to sub­mis­si­on from Israe­li rep­re­sen­ta­ti­ves could pro­vi­de strong archi­tec­tu­ral con­cepts.

Archi­tect Fer­di­nand Kriss­mayr pre­pa­red an expert opi­ni­on for the Old Tower which had been built from 1936 onwards. Accord­ing to it, the buil­ding has under­go­ne fun­da­men­tal chan­ges sin­ce 1972. It exp­lains that the flight con­trol cen­ter con­struc­tion was dis­sem­bled, the win­dows rene­wed and the let­te­ring “Fürs­ten­feld­bruck” remo­ved. What remains is an average func­tio­n­al buil­ding. “Its sta­te as of 1972 would be of cen­tral impor­t­an­ce for the memo­ri­al site” Kriss­mayr empha­si­zed. He does, howe­ver, think that rea­li­zing a memo­ri­al site the­re would be pos­si­ble.

Jörg Skrie­be­leit, direc­tor of Flos­sen­bürg con­cen­tra­ti­on camp memo­ri­al site, refer­red to it as a crime site empha­si­zing the impor­t­an­ce of the Old Tower’s exte­rior. He exp­lai­ned how it was the­se very images that have stuck in the memo­ries of many peop­le. Howe­ver, he advi­sed against recon­struc­tion. With a view to docu­men­ta­ti­on, he sug­gested to focus on the essen­ti­als. Cura­tor Pirit­ta Klei­ner pre­sen­ted the exhi­bi­ti­on con­tents for the new memo­ri­al site to be estab­lished in Munich. It beca­me clear that many pos­si­ble topics are alrea­dy cove­r­ed the­re.

Fürstenfeldbruck Town Hall to Host Exhibition on Conversions

Taking up “Quarters in Munich”

From Decem­ber 2014 to the end of Janu­a­ry 2015, the tra­ve­ling exhi­bi­ti­on “Taking up Quar­ters in Munich” is on dis­play at Fürs­ten­feld­bruck town hall at Haupt­stra­ße 31.

This exhi­bi­ti­on focu­ses on for­mer mili­ta­ry ter­rito­ry that has been con­ver­ted wit­hin the city limits of Munich sin­ce the begin­ning of the 1990s. Pre­sen­ting a num­ber of short pro­files of con­ver­ted bar­racks are­as, the exhi­bi­ti­on illus­tra­tes how mili­ta­ry sites can be deve­lo­ped into vibrant resi­den­ti­al quar­ters. In this con­text, dif­fe­rent plan­ning approa­ches and dif­fe­rent ways and means were cho­sen as well as dif­fe­rent results were achie­ved. With the help of selec­ted examp­les, visi­tors can also learn about the com­plex spec­trum of tasks to be tack­led and the oppor­tu­nities a con­ver­si­on can offer in terms of urban deve­lop­ment.

The approa­ches taken and results achie­ved in Munich can­not be copied and app­lied to Fürs­ten­feld­bruck as they are. The over­all con­di­ti­ons as well as the pur­sued tar­gets and imple­men­ta­ti­on stra­te­gies are dif­fe­rent. That is why appro­pria­te tools, tar­gets and stra­te­gies need to be deve­lo­ped for each muni­ci­pa­li­ty and each con­ver­si­on area indi­vi­dual­ly.

Infor­ma­ti­on on the sta­tus quo, the pro­blems and risks, the poten­ti­als and fields of action in Fürs­ten­feld­bruck are also pre­sen­ted.

Rol­lups to view

First Public Information Event about the Air Base Conversion on 4th March 2013

Ope­ning address by Mayor Mr. Kel­le­rer

Pre­sen­ta­ti­ons by the par­ties invol­ved in the con­ver­si­on pro­cess

  • Bun­des­wehr (Ger­man Armed Forces) as the pre­sent user of the pro­per­ty (Colo­nel Scheibl)
    Con­ver­si­on from the Bun­des­wehr per­spec­tive
  • BImA (Insti­tu­te for Federal Real Esta­te) as the owner of the pro­per­ty (Mr. Hans‐Peter Fehr)
    Role and inte­rests of the BlmA
  • Stadt Fürs­ten­feld­bruck (Fürs­ten­feld­bruck town admi­nis­tra­ti­on) as the muni­ci­pal plan­ning aut­ho­ri­ty (Mr. Kornacher, head of the muni­ci­pal plan­ning and buil­ding con­trol office)
    Plan­ning and decision‐making pro­ces­ses, tar­gets
  • Pro­fes­sor Mark Michae­li, TU Mün­chen (Tech­ni­cal Uni­ver­si­ty of Munich)
    Pre­pa­ra­to­ry stu­dies, pre­sen­ta­ti­on of fun­da­men­tals and short ana­ly­sis

Citi­zen dia­lo­gue
Ide­as and ques­ti­ons brought for­ward by citi­zens

Pre­sen­ta­ti­on docu­ments